اول عشر بلدان
"ذكية" في العالم،
والاول - كندا
نشرت المنظمة العالمية للتعاون الاقتصادي والتطوير قائمة بالبلدان حسب "ذكاء" مواطنيها معتمدة على نسبة حاملي الشهادات الجامعية والعليا لعدد النفوس الكلي وغير ذلك من المعطيات التي تعتمدها المنظمة فكانت البلدان العشرة المتصدرة للقائمة كما يلي:
4- الولاايات المتحدة الامريكية
6- كوريا الجنوبية
7- بالتساوي استراليا والمملكة المتحدة وفنلندا والنروج
8- بالتساوي استونيا وارلندا
9- بالتساوي لوكسمبرك وسويسرا
تعليقي على الخبر: ما زلنا نحن العرب نقول دائما اننا "اذكى الناس". لا نريد ان نزاحم احدا على اي من المواقع العشرة الاولى ، انما نتمنى ان نرى اي بلد عربي قد ادرج اسمه فقط حتى وان كان بالرقم الاخير!
Top 10 smartest countries in the world
Now, we know there's all kinds of smarts: street smarts, book smart and E.Q. or emotional intelligence. And, yes, we're well aware that the ability to quote from memory great works of classic American literature or **** drop obscure and even irrelevant philosophers hardly makes one person smarter than another. But there's no denying that having a degree, diploma or certificate to your **** has become rather essential to entering the job market.
In many cases, educational attainment is proportional to people's incomes. In our list of the top 10 smartest countries in the world, ****d on the latest figures from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development released last year, we give you the countries with the highest percentage of university- and college-educated populations in the world. And you may be surprised at who comes in first.
March 5, 2012 | By Vivian Song, MSN Travel
Top 10 smartest countries in the world
Did you see this coming? It seems, Canada, that we can boast the most educated population in the world. Now, in true diplomatic Canadian fashion, we know you won't go blustering or showboating around about it. But rest *******ed in knowing that of all the OECD countries, half of the country's adult population has a post-secondary degree, certificate or diploma. A breakdown from Statistics Canada, meanwhile, provides a more up-to-date, clearer picture: in 2010, 52 per cent of Canadians aged 15 and over had a post-secondary education. And more women — 71 per cent — than men — 65 per cent — aged 25 to 44 had completed their university or college education. And like we said, while we know book smart doesn't necessarily equate to street or life smart, the pursuit of higher education and knowledge in general can never be a bad thing. As long as the system allows for it
Just 64 years ago, higher education was reserved for a very select few. According to the Council for Higher Learning, in 1948, there were about 1,600 students who enrolled in post-secondary education. By 2004-2005, that number skyrocketed to 206,000, 61 per cent of whom were studying in the country's universities, 28 per cent in various colleges and 11 per cent in teacher training institutions. Today's Israeli graduates are known for being among the world's leaders in fields like mathematics, engineering, physics, computer science, economics and social sciences.
Just think about the kind of technological and scientific innovations that come out of Japan and it's not hard to see how the country ranks third on the list when it comes to most educated countries. Here, 44 per cent of the country's 127.9 million people have gone on to pursue higher education. The country has produced 15 Nobel laureates in fields like physics, chemistry and medicine, and is the undisputed world leader when it comes to robotics (they have done pioneering work in humanoid robots, a breed of eerily human-looking machines designed to do everything from assisting seniors and the handicapped to serving as a stand-in for human company. Pictured above is the Geminoid F, created by the Intelligent Robotics Laboratory at Osaka University). As far as we're concerned, Japan had us at Atari.
4. United States
According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2009-2010, there were 4,495 colleges and universities across the U.S. Forty-one per cent of the country availed themselves of these institutions to gain a higher education. And interestingly, more and more women have been a part of this trend. Overall, women have surpassed men when it comes to completing secondary and post-secondary education. In 2005 and 2006, women earned 58 per cent of the country's Bachelor's degrees, 60 per cent of Master's degrees and 49 per cent of Doctorates. And given that income is proportional to higher education, that means America should — in theory — be full of sugar mamas in the next few years. But income equality remains to be realized.
5. New Zealand
The rate of adult literacy in New Zealand is 99 per cent. While 40 per cent of the entire population has a university degree, that number jumps to nearly twice that for people aged 15 to 29. And until 1961, the University of New Zealand was the only university in the country. Today, it's been dissolved into six independent universities and colleges, and three more institutions have been created to cater to the country's four million inhabitants. And it's true, there are more sheep in New Zealand than people.
6. S. Korea
Education in South Korea is exceedingly strict. There is no finger painting or sandboxes in kindergarten here, folks. Status and employment hinge on university studies and academic excellence, creating heated, fierce competition amongst students. Which is why 39 per cent of the population have a university degree. Though the pressure is said to have eased a little, it's not uncommon for middle and high school students to pull all-nighters, well, nightly, in preparation for the mercilessly difficult university entrance exams — their ticket to economic stability and a higher social rank. But unlike Western education systems, it's smooth coasting once students enter university.
7. Norway, Finland, United Kingdom, Australia
Again, if you're a university graduate with a boatload of student debt snapping away at your 45-year-old heels, you may want to avert your eyes now. Because one of the big reasons that 37 per cent of the population in Norway and Finland have university degrees is that tuition is free. And unlike Denmark, in Norway free access to post-secondary education also applies to foreign students. More than 30 per cent of university students in Finland, meanwhile, are in science-related fields like environmental sciences, forest improvement, materials research, biotechnology, brain research and genetic technology. Similarly, 37 per cent of Brits and Aussies also have university degrees.
8. Estonia, Ireland
In these two countries, 36 per cent of the population hold university degrees. In Estonia, formal education dates back to the 13th century, when the first monastic and cathedral schools were founded. For a country with a population of 1.3 million, Estonia has an impressive 33 institutions that provide higher education and is known for excellence in pharmacology-toxicology, environmental sciences, material technology, biomedicine and semiotics. Ireland, meanwhile, has a history of churning out a line of impressive brainiacs, some of whom include Robert Boyle, regarded as one of the founders of modern chemistry as we know it, John Tyndall, who discovered the Tyndall effect which explains why the sky is blue, and George Johnstone Stoney, who introduced the term 'electron.'
9. Luxembourg, Switzerland
Now here's something to be proud of. Luxembourg, a landlocked country sandwiched between France, Belgium and Germany, has only one university, the University of Luxembourg and yet 35 percent of the country has a university degree. Granted, it's the smallest country on the list as well, with a little more than 500,000 people. We confess we're also a little surprised that Switzerland shares the No. 9 spot with Luxembourg, considering the kind of brainpower Geneva boasts alone as the seat of important international organization like, of course, the United Nations, World Health Organization, and CERN, serious brainiacs at the European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Folks, brace yourself, because this may hit you where it hurts. Not only is tuition in Denmark free, but the state pays you, that's right, pays the student, to go to university. While the stipend depends on your living situation, it's no paltry sum: around $500 a month if you live with your parents, and double that if you live away from home. But before you all move to Denmark, keep in mind that this mostly applies only to Danish citizens. If you're a foreign student, conditions apply. With all these perks, we're surprised to learn that only 34 percent of the population chooses to pursue higher education.
الكاتب: جرجيس يوسف الساعور